Cobblestone Buildings in Wayne County, New York

                         Chapman house on Maple Avenue in Palmyra is immaculately
                         maintained by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
                         It is one of the finest examples of cobblestone architecture in
                        Wayne County.
                                          *   *   *
  (This very insightful letter tho the editor appeared in The Genesee Farmer, March 8, 1838, Vol. 8 No. 9)
                             BUILDING COBBLE STONE HOUSES
    Mr. Tucker - I observed in the Monthly Genesee Farmer of February a request for some one who was qualified to answer the inquiry concerning the manner of building cobble stone walls, of their durability, the proportion of the mortar, the expense of building, &c.
   Having had some experience in this business, I cheerfully transmit a few facts relative to the foregoing request.
   Having erected two or three buildings each season, for several years past, I shall only mention one which I built last season. It is 40 feet by 60, four stories high. The foundation is three feet high, the first story 10 8-12 feet high, the second 11 2-12 feet high, the third 13 3-12 feet, the fourth story 10 3-12 high; making from the foundation to the plates 48 4-12 feet in height, with a wing  24 by 34, one story. The whole was built of cobble stone, (not of the first quality) the outside was laid in courses of cobble stone four inches in thickness, and larger stone on the inside.
   It is a steam flouring mill and has been in operation three months. It stands perfectly well - it is situated in the village of Palmyra, on Canal-street. As regards their durability, if they are laid with good materials and in a workmanlike manner, I am perfectly convinced they will stand and their solidity will increase as their age increases. 
  The quality and quantity of sand with the lime is very essential. The coarser and purer
the sand, the stronger will be tho cement and the firmer the wall. As for the proper quantity of sand with the lime, it depends on its coarseness and purity. The proportion which I generally use is from five to eight bushels of sand to one of lime in the stone. As for elegance and taste, every one who has seen a cobble stone building built as it should be, will acknowledge that it surpasses quarry stone or brick buildings.
   As for the expense of building, it is cheaper than almost any other kind of building.
If the above, after such corrections as you may deem expedient, will be of use to your readers, let it have a place in your paper; if not, throw it under the table; suit yourself and you will suit.
Your ob't servant,
Marion, (N.Y.) Feb. 27, 1838. Chester Clark.

                                   Arcadia (including Village of Newark)


This impressive cobblestone mansion at 518 West Maple Avenue at the corner of West Avenue in Newark was built in 1840, (according to the date stone)  by Jacob Miller who moved from Cherry Valley, where he was a hatter, to Newark in 1825 - the year the Erie Canal opened. He purchased considerable property here and became a prosperous farmer. The water-washed stones came from Lake Ontario. It ultimately became the home of  Stuart family who were long involved in the costume jewelry business and later founded Sarah Coventry Inc.


View of the rear of the house. This is one of four cobblestone houses in Newark.


Detail of the remarkable craftsmanship of the use of washed Lake Ontario sandstones.

The stately James P. Bartle cobblestone farmhouse was built on what is now West Miller Street in Newark in 1836. Bartle operated the first store in Newark He was a veteran of the War if 1812 and was a prominent businessman. The house was demolished in 1938 to make way for the new junior high school.  Photo, taken in the 1870s,  courtesy of  Newark-Arcadia Historical Society.


                                                928 North Main St., Newark


                                              240 West Pearl Street


                                      107 Maple Court, Newark


                                                   545 Vienna St. facing east


                                            545 Vienna St. facing north


This house at 112 East Miller St. was built in the 1830s.  It was demolished in 1964. According to an article in the Rochester Democrat & Chronicle of August 5, 1964 the property leveled also included the Crescent Theater. The gable end of the two-story house faced the street and had a two-story recessed wing shown at the right. Stones were a mix of water rounded and small field stones set four rows to a quoin on the front and three on the side. Some stones were set diagonally. The main part of the house had two windows up and two down with a grill-sized window centered above them in the gable which was complete with its own full sized limestone lintel and sill just as in the four other windows on the facade.  The left elevation had a door with a window centered above it set toward the rear corner, otherwise no other openings on the wall.  The recessed wing on the right was actually wider than the main block.  It contained two (slightly smaller) windows up and a door and window centered below them.   The roofline was unusual—it was basically a shed roof with a change of angle about a third of the way across the frontage, giving a slightly domed appearance.   A roofed, open porch spanned the wing. For many years it was a doctor's office.



                                             2659 Minsted Road


                       This house at 2467 Parker Road may be one of the oldest cobblestone
                       houses in Wayne County. It was built by at least 1833 for the Rev.
                       Preston Parker. Four generations of the Parker family lived here. Its
                       original configuration was 14 rooms. There was a meeting room on
                      the second floor where religious services for the local group of worshippers
                      known as the Parker Neighborhood, which later was reorganized as
                      East Palmyra Methodist Church.


                                      3677 Heidenreich Road

                                     Date stone at 3677 Heidenreich Road


                                                    301 Silver Road  



                           5590 Pardy Smith Road


Built in the 1820s, the Roe school house in the town of Butler is believed to be the oldest existing cobblestone school house in North America.Now a museum, it is located at 12397 Van Vleck Road at the intersection of Route 89. It was built by Daniel Roe, an early pioneer. It was often referred to as the Watson Schoolhouse. It is believed to be one of the very oldest cobblestone buildings in the area. Rather than using the smooth-washed lake stones characteristic of later cobblestone buildings, it is constructed of rough field stones that were taken from the property on which it rests. Some of the stones were split in half because of their larger size. This structure is very early because of the 12 over 8 window panes. 

This is the Roe school house in the early 1900s.  It ceased to function as a school in 1932 and for years was a private residence. is now operated as a schoolhouse museum by the Butler Preservation Society, which also operates the Butler Church Museum.Both museums are open on the first Saturday of the month from May through October, from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m.  For appointment to see it call Dorothy Wiggins at 315-594-2332 or Lori Howland at 315-594-1844.  It has been on the National Register of Historic Places since 2009.                                         

Robinson House,  built 1831-32 by John  Robinson, 8841 Lock Berlin Road

Thorn House, 10297 Turnpike Road, Galen (east of Marengo.

8880 Sunderland Road

                              Romyen House (Kyburg Black Angus Farm) 1018 Eyer 
                              Road, Lyons. "T.T. Romyen 1841" over door.

                                   Below is  the smoke house in back.


                               790 Gansz Road, Lyons, east side Mansard roof added ca. 1875.

 Upson-Brudage House, 10785 Ridge Road, north side of Old
 Route 104 about five miles west of Wolcott. Due to its location,
 some 20 feet below the highway, it is out of sight.  It was built
 by Solomon Upson in 1847-48. 

 10699 Lummisville Road 


Construction commenced on the Jackson one-room school house at 336 Pleasant Valley Road, Lyons, in 1829. It was completed in 1831 at a cost of $187. It was named for President Andrew Jackson. The walls are 21 inches thick. It is built of field stones and measures 24 by 28 feet. The children left their coats and lunch pails in the entry area. There were no desks. Instead the students used shelves attached to the walls with benches for seats. Clark Mason was the first teacher. It was used until 1947 and then became a private residence. It is currently (2017) the home local historian Mark DeCracker and his wife. Photo courtesy of Mark DeCracker.

                            Same structure as it appears today. Photo by Mark DeCracker
Rochester Democrat & Chronicle

Thursday, August 20, 1927

Centennial of Jackson School
To be Marked by Reunion Today
Little Cobblestone Building in Towns of Lyons
and Arcadia Still in Use, with but Few Repairs
to Exterior and Modernization of Interior
   Lyons, Aug. 19. - The centennial of the erection of the cobblestone school house in District 6, known as the Jackson school, will be marked by a reunion tomorrow.
    Among the early settlers in the community was Dr. Cyrus Jackson, who located about five miles southwest of this village in 1800. He was married and lived in a log cabin until 1821, when he constructed a more pretentious house near the site of his former home.  This house, built in 1821, and now owned by Paul Seiling, stood with practically no reconstruction until two years ago when the siding began to give way on account of age and the outside was shingled.
    In 1831 children in the neighborhood of the Jackson settlement began to reach school age and the problem of constructing a school house was brought to the consideration of the settlers. In March, 1831, Hugh Jameson of Lyons, then commissioner of common schools, called a meeting of the residents of the neighborhood at the home of Dr. Jackson. At that meeting a school organization was effected by electing Christopher Myers, Peter Ackerson and Reuben Penoyer as trustees, Dr. Jackson, clerk and Peter Lott, collector of taxes.
    At this meeting it was decided to erect a school house. The plans provided it should be of cobblestone laid in lime and the building was 24 feet by 26 feet. The district was known as District 6 of Lyons and Arcadia, as the property is located partly in the two towns. The total cost of masonry and carpentry was $137.  The school opened that summer with Clark Mason of Lyons as teacher. The tuition charged was that each family should furnish one-half a cord of wood split and ready to burn for each child sent to the school. The wood was used for heating the school house. As Dr. Jackson had ten children, it will be seen that he had to skirmish around and have five cords of wood ready. 
    Miss Carrie E. Jackson and Aaron Jackson, grandchildren of Dr. Jackson, still reside on the farm adjoining the school house which has always been known as the "Jackson School House," being named at its erection in  honor of Andrew Jackson, then President  of the United states, between whom and Aaron and Miss Carrie Jackson there is a well defined line of family relationship.
    Today, 100 years after its erection, this little school house is still performing the duties for which it was built. The stone walls, two feet in thickness, in places show a slight separation, but aside from this and new siding from the roof to the stone wall, all remains as when first erected, even to the beams laid upon the stone walls.

    Teachout House, Old Route 31, [old portion of Montezuma Turnpike
    (abandoned). Teachout family lived here, 1847 -  1943.

                                       View of west wall


Kitchen at left added. A story is told of a young girl, Minerva Croul,who observed construction of the house and dreamed of one day living there. She eventually married Henry Teachout, who had atannery in Lyons. He later purchased the house and its 212-acrefarm. The land was heavily wooded and stony at the time andtook a tremendous effort to develop. Eventually tobacco was one of their major crops. Minerva lived there until she died at 90.

                               This house at  8279 Old Route 31, Lyons was built for 
                               Elias Richmond in  1834.  It has wooden lintels and transom 
                               over  inset front door. 



                                                   1961 Brandt Road

This house at  937 Route 14 was built by Thomas Dorsey in the early 1830s. It is built of fieldstones.


                    The Cobblestone Blacksmith Shop in Alloway

    As the early settlers of Lyons began to clear their land, they faced a special problem. The recession of the glacier that covered much of New York State in prehistoric times, left small, round stones, known as cobbles, covering the farmland. These stones had to be removed before the fields could be planted with crops. The cobbles were gathered up and used for building and, as a result, Wayne County is the site of one of the most unusual and beautiful kinds of architecture in this country. Lyons has several beautiful cobblestone homes and buildings, but the most unique is the blacksmith shop in Alloway.
    In 1832, Alfred Hale built a small two-story, octagonal, cobblestone blacksmith shop on Alloway Road. Each side of the building is 12 1/2 feet long, has walls three inches thick and is constructed of fieldstone cobble. The building was used for years as a blacksmith shop, and most recently as a machine shop. 
    There were many advantages of using cobblestones for a shop of this sort. Cobblestones are very strong and make a solid structure. They are fireproof; a very important consideration in the days before fire departments, and the thick walls kept the building warm in the winter and cool in the summer. The stone buildings required little outside maintenance and needed no paint. 
    Nearly one hundred seventy five years after its construction, the unique building retains its original charm and is often the subject for photographers and artists. The crack near the door was made when a car lost control and crashed into the building and one can still see the remnants of paint left from when the shop owner lost a election wager and the structure was painted red, white and blue.
    Cleveland Frind bought the blacksmith shop, and the cobblestone house across the street, in 1918. The blacksmith shop closed in 1936, after the automobile had replaced horses. The building was then used as a machine shop until around 1960. Cleveland’s son and daughter-in-law, Ralph, and Helen Frind, lived in the cobblestone house across the street from the octagonal structure for many years. Shortly after Ralph passed away in 2008, the house and shop were sold to former Lyons resident Mary LaGasse Tatum.


                          Old cobblestone blacksmith shop and house, 827 Alloway Road

                          3532 Layton Street Road. Inscription on date stone over door
                          is "A.H.V.D.B. 1831," initials of the original owner, Arthur
                          Henry Van Der Bilt." the original owner. This one of the oldest
                          date documented cobblestone houses in the county.

                                                           3425 Middle Sodus Road


                          Jordan house built in 1834, is at 1484 Alderman Road, Macedon.

This house, facing north at 5 West Main St., (Route 31) Macedon, was built in 1839 by Nathan Reed, a Quaker. Cobblestones came from the shore of Lake Ontario near Pultneyville. It is built of round washed cobblestones. 



                                                      (Facing north)

                                             (North and west side) 

                                                     (Northwest corner)

                                                                                                                           Wayne County Historian
Another two-story cobblestone house nearby on Route 31, built by Walter Johnson in 1834, has been demolished. It was built of field stones.

                    Bullis House, 1727 Canandaigua Road, Macedon. Built ca. 1839 by
                   Charles Bullis.

                                                   Historical marker for Bullis House

                              Baker House,  815 Canandaigua Road. "J. & D. Baker 1850" on
                             date stone. Jacob Terry was the mason. It is of the Gothic Cottage

North side of house with modern brick chimney.

Kitchen side of house      

                                        Fine herring bone design on Baker House.



This one and one-half story house at 3458 Lyon Road, sits on a cut stone foundation. It was built in the 1840s with small mixed-colored cobbles.

                                                   4247 Eddy Ridge Road

                                    District School #4 at 4430 Eddy Ridge Road still stands.  It ceased
                             as a school at the end of the 1923 school year when Marion Central
                             School District was formed.  The front wall is of  herring bone design. 

                                 School house as it presently appears.
This was called the Eddy Ridge District No. 6. Teachers included Edith VanOstrand and Sylvia Lybart

From a paper by: Heather Redmond for the Hoffman Award (specific to Wayne County History)  titled : "Tales, Triumphs and Tribulations of Marion's School Districts".  

"District schoolhouse #6 is located on Eddy Ridge Rd of Marion.  This cobblestone schoolhouse has also been converted into a home. Below is described a typical day at district schoolhouse #6 in the year 1915.

"School began at 9 AM and usually ended at 4 PM.  If the children arrived at school early, they played various games outside until the teacher walked out ringing a sturdy handbell.  This was the signal to start school, and the children would all rush in the schoolhouse to an outside hall.  The boys were to hang their coats there, while the girls had a special closet in which to hang their belongings."

"During the winter months the children wore leggings and felt boots.  The boots were put in a row along the back room most of the time, but occasionally the students were allowed to put the boots by the coal stove in order to dry a bit better. The school had approximately four or five rows of desks with aisles in between each row.  The teacher's desk was situated in the front of the room upon a platform.  Beside the desk was a pail of drinking water containing one tin dipper from which everyone drank.  Years later this tin dipper was replaced with paper cups to prevent the spreading of colds.  The students were to take turns fetching water from a well across the road at Mascle's farm to keep the pail full.""

"Behind the teacher's desk was the blackboard and on the teacher's desk was a desk bell which she used to signal the different classes up to the front of the room.  This was done by grade levels starting with the first grade.  The bell would ring and the first graders moved to the front rows of the classroom while the upper grades moved to the rear of the room.  The older students were expected to work on specific assignments disregarding the noise from the front of the room. Concentrating was sometimes the most difficult thing to do in a one room school setting.  The children always had something to work on though.  The subjects taught were somewhat similar to today's subjects but were more concentrated in the basic courses.  For example, school district #6 had no classes for band, chorus, wood shop, home economics or gym. Although they had no gym class, school district #6 was never without a softball team.  One reason for this was there was never a shortage of boys.  In 1915 the courses that were taught included geography ( in which there was a regents), reading, writing, arithmetic, spelling and some history. 

"Once in a while there was a need for some discipline.  The teacher took care of the problem without too much fuss.  For example if a boy was not behaving as a young man should, he was simply seated on the girl's side of the room or told to move up to the front of the room.  The same tactic was used on the girls, but problems did not occur as frequently with the girls as with the boys.

"The winter classes were much bigger than the summer classes, as true with most of the district schools, because it was during the summer months that the boys would stay home to help fathers with the work to be done in the fields.

"The bathroom facility was attached to the schoolhouse, but in order to get to the bathroom, you had to leave the schoolhouse and circle around to the side of the building.  District schoolhouse #6 was surrounded by maple trees.  Every Arbor Day the children planted saplings around the schoolhouse.  Each tree had been named after the child who planted it."

"School district #6 had many school teachers.  Some of these were Mary Content, Sylvia DeMay Liebert, Gertrude Luce and Gertrude Loveless.  Some families that attended this district were the Dean, Allen, Ocques, Cook, Naeye, Boerman, Burbank, Crane, Bosse, Shipper, Mascle, Rice, Murphy, Johnson, Peck and DeRidder.

        Herring bone design is evident on the building.


                                        4398 Ridge Chapel  Road

                                              4092 North Main St., village of Marion


                                     Date stone at 4092 North Main St., village of Marion

This house at 4057 N. Main St., Marion was built in 1833 as the parsonage of the  Christian Church. 

                                Cut fieldstone house at 3541 Parker Road.  Built in 1823
                                by Peleg Sanford.


                             3456 Newark-Marion Road. This is said to have originally been a 
                            well house on the Caldwell farm.


                               4398 Ridge Chapel Road



                                              4413 Ridge Chapel Road 


                                  4851 Ridge Chapel Road


                                            4513 Eddy Ridge Road


                                            5330 Eddy Ridge Road


                             Wells House, 5137 Mason Road, pre-1833.


                                  Built on cobblestone foundation


                                                            Facing north


                                           Multi-colored washed lake stones


                                                4735 Farnsworth Road

                                    3713 Parker Road. Built in 1822 by Stephen and Peleg Sanford. 

                        Cobblestone barn at 4154 at Marion-East Williamson
                        Road.  Built 1840.

4471 Dormedy Hill Road. Date stone says "J.C. Green Erected A.D. 1849."

                              4685 Marion-East Williamson Road. Built by Samuel Barrett in
                             1840 (date stone between second floor windows). The Barrett
                             family lived here for several generations.

                             4676 White Road, Marion, Samuel Smith, original owner.  Built
                             ca. 1830-32. The 68-acre farm was purchased by James White in 1880.
                             It was surrounded by an apple orchard. Later it became a tenant house
                             and later it was used for storage. Restoration work began in
                             1948 by James and Carrie White, and later by Tom and Cindy Ikewood.

This house at 5336 Van Cruyingham Road appears to have been 
   overlooked by any cobblestone building surveys of Wayne County.


                               407 Lake Road. Built 1844. Greek Revival,  but hidden by bushes
                               and trees.
                                                        1695 Lake Road

                                                        7105 Fisher Road

                                                        1556 Lake Road, circa 1835

                                                         5668 Lincoln Road

                                                         7101 Knickerbocker Road

                                                         7325 Knickerbocker Road

7272 Ontario Center Road

Note the artistic herringbone design.

5952 Ontario Center Road

    5708 Walworth-Ontario Road

5820 Walworth-Ontario Road


 This house at 2095 Maple Ave., Palmyra, replaced a one and a half-story wooden
 frame house that originally stood on this site. When Martin Harris, a follower
 of Mormon leader Joseph Smith, left here in 1831, it was occupied by William 
Chapman. The house burned to the ground in 1849 and was replaced by this 
cobblestone house, built by Robert Johnson for Chapman.  The stones were 
collected from the shore of the lake by his son, Thomas Johnson, who was only 
10 years old at the time. It was a three-day round trip to Lake Ontario and return. 
Hauling back a load of stone was a slow process. It took one day go to the lake, 
one day to gather the stones and one day to return home. The stones were then
sorted and sized, with the most uniform ones used for the front, and the less
desirable ones on the sides and back. 

Fire place chimney, north side of house.

The house, on the west side of Maple Avenue, is owned by the Church of Jesus Christ
of Latter-day Saints (Mormons). Once a visitors center, it now serves as the private 
residence  for missionaries.

                          This commercial building at 105 Market St., Palmyra, was built
                          in the 1830s by William Tilden, a local tinsmith. During the post
                          - Civil War period it was occupied by L. D. Sellick & Company,
                         basket-makers. It has a bracketed cornice. The facade consists
                         of varied-sized lake cobblestones. Some discrete alterations have
                         been made over the years. There are apartments upstairs.

                                                 Rear view of 105 Market St.

                                 Blackburn house, 2121 Walker Road, Palmyra

 The William Luce House is situated at 2792 Shilling Road, Palmyra. It was built 
of lake stone with a large chimney at either end. A marble plate over the door reads
"W. L. 1839. "The alternate slanting of the lake stones is an exclusive feature
 of this house. The stones are very well graded, and the mason work is well done. 


                                          Date stone on Luce house

2873 Route 21

2822 Route 21

 East Palmyra District 7 school house on the west side of the intersection of North Creek and Lyons roads was built in 1846. It is about a mile north of Port Gibson. It was closed in 1924 with the opening of East Palmyra Union Free School No. 2. In 1929 it was sold to Jacob O’Meal Jr. He used it to store farm implements. He widened the door by nearly six feet and replaced the wooden floor with concrete. After he built his new shop nearby in 1946 O’Meal let the East Palmyra Fire Department to use it to store a new fire truck.  It was sold to Glenn Young in 1970 who continued to use it for storage. It is mostly constructed of lake washed red sandstone cobbles.  The lintels and quoins are quarried limestone.

Jagger House, 2799 Lyon Road. Built 1840.

2631 Quaker Road, called "Tamerlayne."

                                                 Thomas House, 3313 Jeffrey Road

                           Rogers House, 4449 Hogback Road. Notice the use of field stones for
                          foundation and lake-washed stones for the rest of the facade.

                           Bela Morgan House, 3336 Hanagan Road. This is believed be one
                           of the oldest cobblestone houses in the town of Palmyra,  built  in
                          1832 or earlier. A later owner nicknamed it "Fiddlesticks Farm".
                          It is built  of field cobbles.

                                                                   Facing south

Facing north

3134 Hanagan Road, built 1834. Facing west

                                            Also note cobblestone cellar entrance.

2775 Maple Ave.

 2788 Quaker Road

 The McKechnie house at 151 Church St. is the only cobblestone home in the Village of  Palmyra. It was built in  the 1830s by Alexander McKechnie, a native of Scotland. There was once a brewery and malt house on the property Robert McKecknie, 38,  also born in Scotland; his wife and three children resided here in 1855. It has a two-story gable front with stones laid  five courses to the quoin and those on the side, three courses to the quoin.  The house is very plain. The windows are narrow and deep set, giving evidence of early construction. The left and the rear are of fieldstone construction while the front and right are built entirely of lake washed sandstones. There was a malt house in the rear. 

In 1835 three one-room cobblestone schools were built in Palmyra. The village was divided into three  districts. The one shown here was located on the north side of East Jackson Street, just west of  Fayette Street.  It was used until 1847 when Union School No. 1 was built nearby on Canandaigua Street.  Later William Gardner and Julius M. McClain lived there. When McLain died the property was purchased by attorney (later County Judge) Charles McLouth. The school house was  demolished and he built a mansion there that still stands. The other cobblestone schools were located at the west corner of Main and Carroll streets and on the east side of Throop street. The last resident of the school house on West Main street was Lydia Bogart. It was then demolished. John Mills bought the old stone school on Throop street which served both as his home and his shoe shop.

The Job Durfee House at 3175 Route 21 was built in 1840. An unusual feature is it has six rows of lake stones to the quoin. Most have only four.

2792 Shilling Road

Out building, 930 Vienna Road

Newton warehouse, Canal Street, Palmyra. Built 1845 to store apples and
                       potatoes to ship out on the Erie Canal. Owned by John S. Blazey Inc. 


                              Maltby Clark and out building, 4698 Port Gibson Road, East
                              Palmyra. Built of field stones. 


Paul Jagger House, 3142 Lyon Road

                3049 Parker Road. Built by Caleb Avery in 1840 field stones. In
                later years it was nicknamed "Cobble Nob."

                                            4306 Route 414

                                                   11273 Maunder Road

                               This now-gone house, once owned by Chester Haviland on the
                               Rose-Wolcott Road, was a small, one-story structured with a 
                               narrow gable facing the highway. A portion of the front had
                               been stuccoed over. The front was faced with lake stones and
                               the sides with field stones. The house was roughly built. The
                               quoins were an irregular red or white and had striped stones. 
                               The lintels were wooden.


                                         2735 Wilsey Road. Built ca.1858                                   

                                              2976 Taylor Road


                                8524 Ridge Road (old Route 104), Alton

                    Date stone: "1840  J. Collier"

6499 Middle Road

7147 Maxwell Road

William Swales Cobblestone Houses

William Swayles built 11 or 12 cobblestone houses for himself,
his children and for tenants on what later became Sodus Fruit Farm.
These included:
1. Preston house (Gaylord) for his daughter, Elizabeth, wife
    of John Preston (Buried Sodus Rural Cemetery).
2. Maulendyke house (Dufloo Road) for his son, John, 
    (buried, Swayles Cemetery).
3. Gibson - Lake Road, for son, William Jr., buried Sodus Rural Cemetery.
4 - 5.  (Two) Sodus Fruit Farm, for himself, buried Sodus Rural Cemetery.
6.  Monar House, Lake Road (formerly Swales) built for son, George.
7. Miller's house, south of Preston's - not known for whom built.
8.  Dearlove House - south side of Halcus Road for daughter Sarah,
     now in ruins.
9. Three or four houses built on Sodus Fruit Farm, now gone.

  (This information from his great-granddaughter, Emma Potwine, ca.1955).
                         Cemetery Records

William Swales ( Sept. 26, 1776, Hutten, Cranswick, Yorkshire, England -
Jan. 28, 1855 - Swales Cemetery)
William Swales Jr. (1806-1857 - Sodus Rural Cemetery)
Elizabeth Swales Preston (Born Sept. 18, 1813 -  Died Dec. 26, 1903 -
Sodus Rural Cemetery)
John Swales (1815-1857 - Swales Cemetery)
William Swales Jr. (1833-1912 - Sodus Rural Cemetery)
Sarah S. Swales Gibson (1839-1927 - Sodus Rural Cemetery)
Maria Swales Nash (1843-1918 - Sodus Rural Cemetery)
Joseph Swales (1843-1907 - Sodus Rural Cemetery)
Elizabeth Swales Weeks (1841 - July 30, 1859 - Swales Cemetery)
Jame Ann Swales (1843- Jan. 2, 1845 - Swales Cemetery)
Ella G. Swales Vosburgh (1879-1976 Sodus Rural Cemetery)

William Swales Manor House, 8602 Lake Road,                              Sodus, Former Sodus Fruit Farm

(This property has been abandoned for several years and is an advancing state of deterioration. )


             Evidence shows house was stuccoed over cobblestone.


   William Swales Manor House, in back of 8602 Lake
    Road, Sodus, in 1959.


                    Main stairway and hall of Manor House, 1959

       Adjacent cobblestone barn is collapsing. A cobblestone 
    house was located some distance to the north.

                                         Adjacent cobblestone barn in 1959.

Abandoned Swalesstone house about a mile                                                             north of Manor house. Photos by Glenn Hinchey

Monument to William Swales, Swales Cemetery, Lake Road.

             ( These houses were built by William Swales)

This house at 7570 Dufloo Road was stuccoed over

7552 Buck Lane

7752 Dufloo Road

Same place in 1959

6419 Lake Road

Old photo of 6419 Lake Road

This house at 7563 Lake Road  was built in 1846. The original owners were  John and Elizabeth (Swales) Preston. It is on the National Register  of Historic Places. Reputedly, it was a station on the Underground Railroad.

                                  Former carriage house behind the house.

Ruins of cobblestone building, Beechwood State Park, Lake Road, Sodus Point.   
                    Without Benefit of Architect
            More Than Century Old Preston Farm House 
            Near Sodus Point Comes Alive Again
   Rochester Democrat & Chronicle

                         August 31, 1952
            By Lilah Henry
      On the Old Preston Farm about two miles west of Sodus Point along the Lake Road, is one of the finest cobblestone houses in the area. Built without benefit of architect in 1845, the house has four levels and conforms to the slope of the terrain so closely  that it gives the impression of having grown out of the soil.
    It stands on a rise of ground like a sentinel scanning the horizon at the spot where a stream widening into a bay joins the waters of Lake Ontario. It has stood thus for more than 100 years, with its solid front door and wide flanking windows facing the oldest road in the township, which runs across the edge of the sloping front lawn and then dips downhill to cross the stream flowing at the side of the house.
    One under and seven years ago William Swales bought this land and built the present cobblestone house for his daughter, Elizabeth, who 10 years before had married John Preston Sr.
    The house which Swales built, with its smoothly rounded, uniform lake stones marching in straight rows back and forth across its walls from foundation to roof line, has been known simply as the Preston house from the beginning. The stream between is designated Salmon Creek on the maps, but no such name has ever been used in Sodus. It, too, has ben Preston's Creek now for more than a century.
    With the exception of about 26 years, the Preston farm and its cobblestone house have been owned by descendants of the first John Preston who came from England in 1831. Today it is back in the same family again...owned this time by Preston Arms Gaylord Jr., the great-great-grandson of the builder of the house.
    The present owner, better known as Buddy Gaylord and his wife, Mary Ellen, who i is the daughter of F. Ritter Shumway of 375 Ambassador Drive in Brighton, purchased the Preston farm this spring. Almost immediately the young couple set about the gigantic task of restoring a century old house, lived in and altered more or less by four or five generations of Prestons and as many other families.
    Entering the heavy front door with its wrought iron latch and knocker, the visitor finds himself in a wide central hall. At the far end of the hall are two stairways ... one leading down to the big dining room and kitchen on the ground level and the other rising a few steps to the bedrooms in the back wing of the house, before turning to rise to the second floor above the main part of the house.
    Opening off the front hall to the right is a long living room with twin fireplaces and deep windows, whose casings are unusual in that they slant or flare outward at about a 30 degree angle to join the interior walls of the room. The window panes, many of which are of "wavy" glass, came from England.
    As for the twin fireplaces, which the Gaylords have opened and restored, the two flues join part way up and form one chimney. This is the room in which succeeding generations of Prestons have held parties and dances. Down through the years however, this large room has been used for various purposes by different occupants. One owner used it for a combination riding room and kitchen, building a half partition or counter across the middle to separate the two areas.
    Across the hall from the living room is a smaller room, which the builder must have called the parlor. The Gaylords have opened the fireplace in this room and constructed book shelves about it. The wallpaper here is an early american design showing a repeat pattern of a Puritan girl, a hunter and his dog and a young lad playing a lute.
    Directly behind the parlor is what must  have been a parlor bedroom, the Gaylords have made a pine paneled den. However, the fireplace in this room could not be opened for use since it is now in some way connected with the heating plant chimney. This is the only one of the fireplaces to be restored.
    Up a few steps aft the end of the front hall, to the next level are bedrooms furnished attractively with canopied beds, hand quilted coverlets and authentic old chairs. On the next level, which is the second story above the main part of the house, there are still more bedrooms. Here is the mast bedroom which has been decorated around the theme of the 115-year-old red and white hand-stitched quilt on the bed.
    One of the most unique features is the ground floor level at the back which contains the old fashioned kitchen with its large fireplace and brick oven at the side, where that first Elizabeth Preston, (Buddy's great-great-grandmother) baked coarse bread, pies and cookies.
    The large, sunny kitchen with its Dutch door at the grade entrance and its wide west window is one of the pleasant spots in the house. This Buddy and Mary Ellen are using for their dining room.
    Adjoining it is the old milk room with its one-time brick floor, which has been made into a kitchen. Cupboards in natural wood finish line two sides of this long narrow room and a window at the north end looks out over the sloping lawns to the inlet and the lake beyond. With a bit of imagination the visitor can see on ledge big pans of milk waiting to be skimmed.
    Stepping directly from the kitchen into the cellar which makes up the remainder of this level, two feet thick foundation walls can be seen and the base of the exterior walls which are 18 inches through. All the original partitions in the house are masonry walls, some measuring six and others 12 inches thick.
    The Gaylords are furnishing the house in keeping with the period in which it was built. Some of the original wide plank floors have been restored and the doors have wrought iron latches, many of them the originals.
    Down the slope from the house towards the waters of the inlet, stands a two story cobblestone carriage house and on the bank of the creek, the remains of an old grist mill, which was operated for 100 years by a huge wooden water wheel polished smooth by the waters of Preston's Creek pouring from the flume into the mill wheel basin.
    Giant locust, horse chestnut and maple tress, apparently also centenarians, cast protective shade about the house, the carriage house and the old mill. The creek, less boisterous now than it was in the early days when shallow draft Canadian boats docked at the old mill to load flour, still flows smoothly past the house to the lake.
   And thus old Preston house begins its second century with an air of pleased contentment at sheltering once again a descendant of that first John Preston.    

Another Swales house at 6543 Lake Road, Sodus             

6563 North Geneva Road

6242 North Geneva Road

6387 North Geneva Road

5821 Buerman Road

6123 Ridge Road

                                                        3653 Ridge Road

United Methodist Church, 8575 Ridge Road, Alton. The
steeple is a later addition - a touch of Romanesque style
while the church itself is Greek Revival. Lintels above 
windows are of wood.                     
 Alton Methodist Church Has Long History
                      By Arch Merrill

   (Rochester Democrat & Chronicle, January 13, 1963)

    Back of the old cobblestone meetinghouse that stands on Route 104 in Alton is 
story of patient, painstaking labor on the part of its founders.
   In the middle of the 19th century, so the story goes, men of the congregation carefully gathered cobblestones from Lake Ontario's shores in bushel baskets, which were loaded on stone-boats and hauled by oxen to the church site. In 1851 the stone church was completed.
    It is now Alton Methodist Church but it began life in 1842 as the Christian Church of Alton. The principal organizer of the society was the Rev. Amasa Stanton; the first deacons were John Kelly and John Baker and the first clerk was George Gould. When the cobblestone church was built, the trustees were John G. Kelly, Frederick Utter and William R.K. Hone.
Around 1880 the church was taken over b y the Methodist Protestant denomination, an affiliation it retained until merger with the Methodist Episcopal Church in 1939.
    Its Pastor since June 1959 has been the Rev. Victor L. Smith, who also serves the Methodist Church at Sodus Point where he resides. A graduate of Houghton College and  Drew Theological Seminary, Madison, N.J., he previously previously held Methodist pastorates at McGraw and Lodi.
    His predecessors have included the Rev. F. M. Purdy, the Rev. Henry M. Becker, the Rev. David Short, the Rev. L.J. Reed, the Rev. Alden Allen, the Rev. J.C. Walden, the Rev. Floyd C. Rogers and the Rev. Fay A. Wideman, who served from 1945 to 1959, the longest tenure of any pastor. During his pastorate an elaborate centennial observance of the church was held in 1951.
    Mrs. Dayton Pitcher, now 82, has been attending Alton church since the age of six, and for more than 50 years was its organist and for many years taught its Sunday School. Other long-time members are Samuel VanderPool of Sodus who joined in 1905 and Mrs. Agnes Raymoor of Alton in 1906. The present membership of the society is 150.
    This distinctive 112-year-old house of worship in the pleasant Wayne County fruit country is a tribute to the craftsmanship of the cobblestone masons, those artisans of many years ago.

Abandoned cobblestone house, Shaker Road, Alton

District 22, Pulver school house at 6343 Kelly Road

7383 State Street, Sodus

Smoke house at 4917 Route 88

 6507 Route 14, west side, near Sodus Point

 5351 South Geneva Road. Now an Amish family home.

            How it previously appeared in the 1970s.
                                                       Robert Roudabush photo


  5577 South Geneva Road

       Barn behind the house, west side of road.

Date stone on barn "J. F. Proseus 1849"

5893 South Geneva Road

5256 Route 14

5584 Main St., Sodus Center

5549 Main St., Sodus Center

5539 Main St., Sodus Center

6813 Maple Ave., village of Sodus

This house on the north side of 7851 Ridge Road, north side, Wallington. It was known  as the Walling Cobblestone Tavern in Wallington, but has been heavily It was built about 1834 of fieldstone It is on the National Register of Historic Places.

Early Tavern Loses Its Romance
But Not Comfort as Modern Home
Stage Coach Once Rattled to Door of Turnpike House
Where Weary Travelers Rested or Made Merry:
Remodeled, It Shelters 20th Century Family 

Rochester Democrat & Chronicle

August 25. 1929

    Wallington, Aug. 24. - The days of stagecoaches and quaint-looking taverns where many years ago travelers along the main turnpike between Eastern and Western New York made merry over the flowing bowl as the village fiddler played "Money Musk," "Pop Goes the Weasel" and other old-tome airs are recalled in an old cobblestone house standing close to the Pennsylvania Railroad tracks here. 
    The Wallington Tavern, for as such it was known in stagecoach days, was built entirely of cobblestones in 1834 by William Walling, the village's honored sage. Shortly afterward the tavern became known as the halfway house between Oswego and Rochester. Here coach horses either rested or were exchanged and passengers whiled away the hours in rollicking pastime. Stories of merry holiday parties, especially around Christmas time, are still narrated and it is said that the jovial landlord spared neither the best of his wine cellar nor the most appetizing which his larder afforded to give his guests a welcome would insure their early return. 
    Many years ago a traveler stopped at the tavern to rest and refresh himself, according to a story which is still told in this village. He entered the tavern through swinging doors over which appeared the boldly painted sign: "Beer." After he had remained in the taproom for some time, he was struck with a blunt instrument by another guest and killed. The motive may have been robbery or revenge. That point has never been made clear in the narrative. After he was killed the body was taken to strip of woods near the village, a shallow grave dug and the body thrown into it.
  Years later, his remains were accidentally unearthed, but his identity never was established definitely. Above the present front of the once old tavern, now an attractive dwelling owned and occupied by Charles E. Whiting, the marble stone sign bearing the words "William Walling, 1834," is sill plainly visible. Walling conducted the tavern, which he later called the Wallington Hotel, for many years, and its ownership subsequently changed several times until the Town of Sodus went dry under the local option law and eventually Gabriel Ackerman, the last proprietor, barred the doors.
                                      New Family Home
    With the coming of the automobile and interurban bus lines, this famous old landmark has been converted into an attractive and comfortable home by its present owner. There are other cobblestone buildings in this vicinity. Some of them are old, while a few of them existed when a war between the United Stages and Mexico never was dreamed of by early residents of the northern tier of Wayne County. The passing of the stagecoach has left many reminders of those romantic days in this section, but the old Walling Tavern will probably be known a long time hence as the popular rendezvous of weary but fun-loving travelers close to a century ago between the "Lake City" and the "Flower City."

View of the same structure in the 19th Century, looking east, 
showing modifications over the years. The current porch was
added in the 1920s. Pole at left is a grade crossing warning 
sign for the Northern Central Railroad.


This one-room cobblestone schoolhouse at 5663 Lake Road, Wallington in the Town of Sodus was built in 1826-28 on land donated by Daniel Arms, founder of Wallington (originally called Arms Crossroads) and was used as a school until 1951. It is a museum owned by the Wallington Community Center Association. Students from through the area frequently visit here to experience “A Day in a Country School.". It  was added to the National Register of Historic Places  in 1994.                       

                                                        6172 Ridge Road, Sodus

                                                                   6211 Route 88


                                                            6172 Ridge Road                                   


                    Evangelical United Brethren Church,  3960 West Walworth Road.
                             Built 1856.

                                       How not to restore a  cobblestone school house,
                                       2677 Smith Hill Road at corner of Townline Road.

 5656 Walworth-Ontario Road. Neo-classical

2427 Smith Road. Neo classical

                                       House at 4090 Walworth-Ontario Road. Date stone
                                       says "M. Padley 1844".

                                       2209 Walworth-Penfield Road, Walworth

                                       2203 Walworth-Penfield Road

                                       2188 Walworth-Penfield Road

                             4625 Lewis Road, built 1835
                                                      3353 Daansen Road

                                Cobblestone smoke house, 3973 Canandaigua Road

                                            3355 Autumnwood (formerly Gananda Parkway)

                                             Walworth Academy

 Original Walworth Academy building is on the right. Photo taken 1906.
                                                                                            Walworth Historical Society collection
  The original Walworth Academy was legally incorporated as a private corporation by an act of the New York State Legislature  on May 12, 1841 and was to accept both male and female students. Its capital stock was $2,500 with the privilege of increasing it to $5,000, in $10 shares. The original trustees were Jonathan Boynton, Amos Turner, Elias Knapp, Louis McLouth, John Lawrence, Lewis Eddy, John McLouth, Benjamin Hill and Vaniah Yeomans.
    A year later, a school was constructed of cobblestone at a cost of $4,000 on Academy Street.  Stones were hauled from Lake Ontario. Most of this money was paid for through the sale of stock in the Walworth Academy; each share of stock cost $10.00 and entitled the holder to one vote in the corporation. The building was divided into two departments with a qualified teacher in each area, accommodating a total of 100 students. Professor E. B. Wadsworth was the first Principal.
  The Academy was similar to a high school. Entry requirement was a preliminary certificate, which was equivalent to an eighth grade education. Many of the Academy students boarded at the school or with families in town. A practice of “basket-boarding”  was a common procedure and enabled many students to live cheaper than the $2 a week for room and board. Students who lived nearby walked, rode horseback, or drove a carriage – depending on the time of year and distance. Many students walked five or six miles one way to attend school. 
    A nine-member board of trustees managed the property and concerns of the corporation. Tuition payments were used to defray the expenses of the institution, most of which involved payment of salaries. The Principal of the Academy received a yearly salary of about $800, while teachers were paid about $400 a year. The Preceptress (the female instructor) received only half the amount paid to the Principal. The tuition also paid for fuel and light bills, which averaged around $49.22 a year. 
  The most noted Principal was Susan Cleveland Yeomans, sister of President Grover Cleveland, who came here in 1870.  Another noted Principal was  J. Carlton Norris, who taught there from 1874 to 1885. He so endeared himself to his students that a Norris Students’ Association was created in 1922. It was decided to form an alumni group of former Norris students. They annually held a reunion to reminisce about their days spent in the pursuit of education at Walworth Academy under the “dynamic personality of J. Carlton Norris.” The last reunion was held in 1948.
   In July 1972 Charles Tuttle and Robert Wignall, president and treasurer respectively of the Norris Organization, presented a check for $2,697.82 to the Walworth-Seely Public Library. This amount was to be used to reduce the indebtedness for the library’s addition and was given in memory of sponsors and students of Walworth Academy 1840-1903. 
                                  The Second Academy 
     In 1856, a committee was elected by the trustees to consider the subject of enlarging the Academy. It was agreed that an additional academic building should be added the coming year. In 1857 a three-story brick structure was erected to the east of the first Academy. The new “Walworth Academy and Wayne County Female Academy” cost about $8,000. The principal was C. H. Dann. The older building was then used as a boarding home and residence for the principal. The classical course offered at the Academy prepared the student for any college in the United States. 
    In 1877 the original Academy was sold to the Patrons of Husbandry (Walworth Grange #289) and used by them as a Grange Hall. The second floor was remodeled into meeting rooms and a few years later the first floor was made into a dining room and kitchen. The grounds of the old Academy, combined with those of the new Academy, were ample for outdoor exercise of students and were well shaded with maple, elm, and locust trees. 
    The cost of the apparatus to equip this school totaled $800. The academic department was certified by the University of the State of New York as the Walworth Union Free School in 1903. Three years later the school received certification as a Senior School. In 1912 it received certification as a high school. The first graduating class was in June 1912.
                                          Razing the Schools 
    The Academy continued with little change until 1929, when voters in District No. 1 approved a bond issue of $80,000 to build a new school building. In March, 1930 the old Academy buildings were demolished.  Classes were temporarily held in the Grange Halll on Main Street. This was the former Pacific Hotel. The new Walworth School opened on September 8, 1930, with an enrollment of 182 students. For 50 years it served this area well until it was closed in 1980. It was demolished in 2014. 
History of Schools in Walworth by Principal Roger S. Pembroke, February 16, 1977 
School Daze: The Two Academies by Dorothy French. Walworth Historical Society Newsletter, Vol. 39 No. 1 July, 2014.
P. 162, Chapter 88,  Laws of New York, 1841
Memoirs of Walworth Academy by Howard D. Joslyn Jr.,  1962

Eighty-Ninth Annual Report, Regents of the University of the State of New York, 1876


This house at 4184 Washington St., Pultneyville, was built 1832 by stone mason 
Washington Throop for his brother Captain Horatio Nelson Throop, a noted
 lake captain and steamboat magnate. It was completed in time for the marriage
 of Captain Throop to Mary F. Ledyard. Quoins, lentils and front door surround
 with transom window are red sandstone. The house features a wide frieze and 
crescent windows in the gable ends. Large cobbles were used which is unusual 
since the house is near the shore of Lake Ontario were lake cobbles were  plentiful. 
In the early 2000s it was a bed and breakfast which has since been discontinued.        

                  House at 3424 Ridge Road was originally the First Methodist Church
                of Williamson. Windows redone after church discontinued. Date stone
                says “Ridge Chapel 1839."

               This stately  house at 6405 Salmon Creek Road, Williamson, built by C.B.
               Adams  in 1850. It was built with carefully-selected lake-washed red sandstones. 

     (Date Stone above front door, "C.B. Adams 1850")

                   6520 Townline Road at corner with State Route 104. Built by J.R.
                   Willard 1848. 

                                         7127 Townline Road,  built of small red cobbles.

                            5445 Route 21 
                                           This cobblestone house 4051 West Main Street (Ridge Road)
                                in Williamson was constructed in 1838 as the home of Dr.
                                Josiah Bennett, who died in 1850. He was succeeded by Dr.
                                Dr. Westel Willoughby Ward, who had his office in an adjacent
                               wooden building east of the house. About 1931 the house
                               was altered to become a gas station. 

                            This photo was taken in 1920  and shows Dr. Ward 
                             and his wife, Mary. 
               Photo courtesy of Williamson Town Historian Perry Howland.

                                     Same location in the 1940s.


                                 Adams-Graboswki House, 2871 Ridge Road     

Rochester Democrat & Chronicle

February 13, 1953

               A Century Old Landmark
    An old cobblestone farm house on the Ridge Road west of the village, is being restored. The "old Adams house," as it is called, has stood with its shoulder toward the Ridge since Zachary Taylor was president.
    It has seen the Ridge Road change from a dusty trail to a busy modern highway and has watched surrounding woodlands and muck swamps change to productive farm lands.
    The narrow end wall which faces the Ridge is made up with smooth cobblestones of uniform size, while the two side walls which extend back quite a distance are fashioned of cobblestones of a slightly larger size. The thresholds are huge slabs of gray stone. The second story windows under the sloping eaves are the small rectangular grill windows usually seen in cobblestone houses.
    A little over a year ago this house passed out of the hands of the Adams family, afer being owned by it for well over 100 years. The new owners,  Mr. and Mrs. Louis G. Clemens, who are now deep n the process of restoring the house.
    Clemens, a former tin can manufacturer, has retired twice ... once in 1945 after which he went back to work again after a few months of leisure time, and again in 1952 after which he bought the 92-acre Adams farm and began seriously to learn to be a farmer,  and to remodel the cobblestone house.
    Two form front rooms have now been converted into a large sunny living room, dominated by a stone fireplace, whose attractive and rather unusual stones were picked up on the farm by the masons to lend a variety to the stonework.
   Each window has a deep ledge and most of the windows have been restored with 13 lanes in the too sash and eight in the lower sash.
    Huge square hand-hewn beams are built into the house and here and there hand-forged square headed nails are to be found. All these will remain to add to the beauty and sturdiness of the old house, although much of the old-time lath and plaster has been been removed from the interior walls and replaced by modern lath and plaster. Thus another Williamson landmark is being preserved for generations to come.


                                                           4965 Main Street, East Williamson

                                                          4535 Ridge Road

First Baptist Church, 4214 Ridge Road, village of Williamson, built 1843.
                       It is surrounded by a wide frieze.
                                                      5621 Ridge Chapel Road

                            5875 Eddy Ridge Road. Cobblestone house with larger wooden
                            frame house built as later addition.                                   

                        5810 Eddy Ridge Road. Stone house with  cobblestone cobblestone
                        addition, probably original  kitchen.

                                       3520 Eddy Road

                                       6554 Salmon Creek Road

                                                6934 Bear Swamp Road

                                       7076 Bear Swamp Road
                                     3530 Shepherd Road, built 1834.
                                     4442 Jersey Road

                                     5149 Middle Road

                                                4100 Lake Road

                                                    4025 Lake Road

                                     4092 Lake Road, Pultneyville, schoolhouse built in 1845.

                                     This cobblestone house once stood at the corner 
                                     of Auburn and Oswego streets in the village of 
                                    Wolcott. It was built in 1833-4 by Levi Smith Sr.,
                                    an early settler in the area.  A small store was located
                                    in the west end. It burned on February 2, 1909.

Lake Shore News
Wolcott, N.Y.,
September 6, 1906

     Furnace Village School House
    A correspondent writing of the Furnace village schoolhouse says no one knows who built it. It was built by Levi Smith, the same man who built the Foster cobblestone house in Wolcott. We have this on the authority of Wesley Hendrick, of Sterling Valley, who lived there when the school house was built. 

Syracuse Post-Standard
Tuesday, February 9. 1909

Old Landmark Laid in Ruins
Cobblestone House at Wolcott
    Succumbs to the Elements
    WOLCOTT, Feb. 2. - The recent cold weather has proved too severe for one of the oldest landmarks of  Wayne county and the old cobblestone house at the top of Mill hill in Wolcott village has become a heaped mass of stones and mortar. The building has served in turn as a tavern, a store and a dwelling, being finally vacated about five years ago by the late Mrs. Kimplin.
    The building was erected by Levi Smith, one of the pioneer settlers of Wolcott, in 1833. Mr. Smith bought the land on which it stood from Johnston Melvin, being a part of a 500-acre tract which was granted to Melvin by the government in 1804. This parcel of land is now the northern part of Wolcott village.
    It was built by Smith for a "cold water" tavern. Mr. Smith's enterprise failed and he turned the building into a country variety store, for which purpose it served many years. Later when the mercantile establishments of the village became located on the opposite side of Wolcott creek the building was converted into a dwelling and has since retained that appearance.

    The cobblestones with which the wall was faced were carefully selected along the lake shore. They gave the appearance of being almost uniform in size and were laid with extreme regularity.

                                              6583 Route 104A, Red Creek

                                       6583 Route 104A, Red Creek, in 1955


The Furnace Village District 10 cobblestone school house is located at 6760 West Port Bay Road in the town of Wolcott.  It has been extensively remodeled over the years. The Lakes Shore News of  Wolcott on September 6, 1906 reported:  “Furnace Village School House - A correspondent writing of the Furnace village school house, says no one knows who built it. It was built by Levi Smith, the same man who built the Foster cobblestone house in Wolcott. We have this on the authority of Wesley Hendrick, of Sterling Valley, who lived there when the school house was built.”  Furnace Village, located north of Wolcott, at one included an foundry that produced farm implements, a saw mill and a dozen houses. It was first settled in 1805.

                                 The school house as it appeared in 1955.
                                                                   Wayne County Historian